Logo for for Advanced Orthopedics - Nonsurgical & Regenerative Treatments

Phone: 757-460-0434

Virginia Beach

1658 Pleasure House Rd, Suite 104
Virginia Beach, VA 23455

Peninsula

11803 Jefferson Avenue, Suite 260
Newport News, VA 23606

Types of Regenerative Therapies

The term "Regenerative Medicine" is used to describe a new field of medical investigation and treatment which works to promote, repair and regenerate damaged tissue without surgery.

Image of woman with painful elbow

Tremendous advances have been achieved in the understanding and use of regenerative therapies. So much so, that regenerative therapies have in many cases replaced surgical intervention as the primary treatment of choice.

At least 10 different types of stem cells have been identified. After careful analysis and extensive review, we believe that amniotic mesenchymal multi-potent stem cells are the most effective. They are also the least expensive. Other centers use different types of stem cells. We base our treatment protocols on "best practice" and "least cost". Our patients get the benefit of both.

Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs)

Mesenchymal Stem Cells are "uncommitted" multi-potent cells that have the ability to differentiate into "fully committed cells" such as muscle, ligament, bone, or cartilage. In response to injury, MSCs produce a wide array of bioactive agents that reduce inflammation, inhibit scar formation, and stimulate increased blood flow to promote more rapid healing. Perhaps most importantly, they can "differentiate" and turn into other "fully committed cells" which can replace the damaged cells within the zone of injury, resulting in more rapid and more reliable tissue healing.

Sources of stem cells include:

  1. Cryopreserved bone marrow cells, which are obtained from living donors.
  2. Umbilical cord or placental tissue donated by mothers immediately following the birth of a child.
  3. Amniotic fluid cells
  4. Your own bone marrow, usually obtained through a 2-mm opening in the skin at the pelvis under a local anesthetic (much like a dentist numbing the gum before working on a tooth).

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)

Platelets are small acellular structures circulating in the blood stream that help to control bleeding. They also contain a wide array of proteins, cytokines, and other bioactive factors that decrease inflammation and regulate tissue healing after injury. PRP is obtained by drawing blood from the patient's arm.

PRP or MSCs?

In general, if there is inflammation within the tissue but no evidence of structural tears, then PRP alone should suffice. If there is ultrasound or MRI evidence of partial tears or intrasubstance degeneration within the damaged structure, then stem cells would be more effective.

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